On this day, September 29: the Babi Yan massacre begins in Kiev
September 29 (UPI) – At this date in history:
In 1789, the US Department of War organized the country’s first standing army – 700 soldiers who would serve for three years.
In 1923, Great Britain began to rule Palestine under a League of Nations mandate.
In 1936, during the US presidential race between Franklin D. Roosevelt and Alf Landon, the Democratic and Republican parties used the radio for the first time. FDR was re-elected in a record vote in November.
UPI file photo
In 1941, the Babi Yar massacre of nearly 34,000 Jewish men, women and children began on the outskirts of Kiev in Nazi-occupied Ukraine.
In 1965, Communist North Vietnam announced that captured American pilots would be tried as war criminals.
In 1988, Stacy Marie Allison, a construction worker from Portland, Oregon, became the first American woman and the seventh in the world to climb Mount Everest.
In 1992, Earvin “Magic” Johnson announced that he was returning to the Los Angeles Lakers less than a year after retiring because he had the AIDS virus. A month later, Johnson announced his retirement for the second time.
File photo by David Becker / UPI
In 2005, John Roberts Jr. easily obtained confirmation from the United States Senate and was sworn in as Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court. He succeeded the late William Rehnquist.
In 2011, a special Indian court convicted 269 police officers and others for their role in a 1992 raid on a small village that resulted in multiple rapes and beatings.
In 2017, the US State Department withdrew all non-emergency staff from its embassy in Havana, Cuba, due to mysterious health issues faced by workers there.
In 2020, President Donald Trump and former Vice President Joe Biden clashed in the first presidential debate of 2020. Candidates spoke to each other frequently and insulted each other, prompting officials to change future debate formats.
File photo by Oliver Doulier / UPI