Norway asks for help: – The last time a war broke out
In an interview with Dagbladet, Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba called on Norway to support Ukraine’s NATO membership.
He says a “strong Ukraine” is in the interests of Norway and the West, and warns that further Russian involvement in Ukraine could have “serious consequences” for Norway.
– If Russia decides to step up its aggression against Ukraine, the consequences could be very serious for Norway and for all Euro-Atlantic cooperation, said Foreign Minister Koleba Ldagbladet.
Opening of the political platform
Kuleba can be interviewed by Dagbladet regarding the installation of the so-called Crimean Platform. Representatives from more than 40 countries, including Norway, met for a summit in the Ukrainian capital of Kiev on Monday.
There, they agreed to work together for a peaceful end to the Russian occupation of Crimea, which Russia annexed in 2014.
In an interview with Dagbladet, Foreign Minister Kuleba congratulated Norway on the support Ukraine has received from Norway, but he also doesn’t hide the fact that the country wants more support, that it wants more support. either material, financial or non-profit.
Around the same time that Russia annexed Crimea, war broke out in the Donbass region in eastern Ukraine. Pro-Russian separatists are fighting Ukrainian authorities in a war in March last year that killed more than 13,000 people, According to the United Nations.
Prayer in Norway in Ukraine
The West and Ukraine accuse Russia of supporting the separatists. When war broke out in Donbass, NATO says there are over 1,000 Russian troops in Ukraine. In 2015, he admitted Russian President Vladimir Putin That Russian army intelligence officers were working inside Ukraine.
“Russia does not intend to end its war against Ukraine until it understands the futility and high cost associated with its efforts to subdue Ukraine,” Kuleba told Dagbladet.
However, Kuleba is not only referring to the war in Donbass and the annexation of Crimea when he explains why Norway should support Ukraine’s membership in NATO.
A deterioration of the security situation in Europe, a more aggressive Russian policy in the Baltic States, more dangerous Russian provocations in the North and an increase in Russian militarization in the Arctic are to be expected. . For these reasons, we strongly believe that Norway has an interest in Ukraine’s resilience, and in particular an interest in supporting Ukraine’s membership in NATO, Kuleba said.
The last time there was a war
Basically, NATO is open to all European countries or countries as long as they meet a number of requirements. This includes, among other things, that the country has a democratic system of government and the capacity to contribute to the defense alliance.
Today, experts wonder whether Ukraine meets the specified requirements, and they note, among other things, unresolved border disputes and the Ukrainian economy, which is a relatively small economy and there is no prospect of significant growth in the near future.
If Ukraine meets these requirements, NATO member states must vote unanimously for the inclusion of a new member state.
The biggest obstacle to Ukraine joining NATO will be the real reason Ukraine wants to join the defense alliance: Russia.
This is the third time that NATO’s “open door” approach to countries that Russia does not want to be part of the defense alliance has been tested, according to Ever B. Neumann, Russian expert and director of the Fridtjof Nansen Institute.
– For the first time Russia was weak and NATO took over a number of things earlier Warsaw LawEarth, Newman said.
The second time there was a war.
Russia’s tough response
Filled with arrogance and an exaggerated belief that the United States and NATO would back him, then Georgian President Mikheil Saakashvili launched a military offensive against him. The breakaway republic of South Ossetia I 2008.
The aim was to restore South Ossetia, which had declared independence from Georgia after the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991. A war ensued between South Ossetia and Georgia, which was eventually joined. by Russian forces as peacekeepers.
When Russian peacekeepers came under a Georgian attack, Russia responded. Not only did they drive out the Georgian army from South Ossetia, but they crushed it and drove it to the capital, Tbilisi.
It only took five days in Vladimir Putin’s Russia.
In the years leading up to the attack, Georgia under Saakashvili had been adopted by then-US President George W. Bush, who was trying to push Georgia into NATO membership.
Germany and France were skeptical and delayed the operation.
However, the embrace of the US president was so warm and the praise for Georgia’s new democracy was so high that many analysts believe Saakashvili led him to believe that Bush would come to his aid.
Neither Bush, nor the United States, nor NATO did. After all, Georgia was not a member of the alliance.
reassure or dissuade
The dilemma for NATO member states is the same for Ukraine today as it was then for Georgia, notes Russian expert Neumann.
The goal of defensive alliances is to increase the safety of participants. If the alliance does something that does not increase security, but rather decreases it, it is defeating its purpose. So NATO members are sitting there thinking about the pros and cons. Given Russia’s increasingly aggressive policies, which include acts of war, there is a choice: to calm down by not addressing Georgia and Ukraine, or deter by doing so, Neumann said. .
If one chooses to include, say, Ukraine in NATO, member states must ensure that they can ‘give their share’ and that NATO member states can ensure the security of the country. ‘Ukraine, according to Neumann.
– Considering the situation in northern Georgia and eastern Ukraine, there is uncertainty about these two conditions. That’s why Norway and other NATO countries are saying as little as possible, says Neumann.
Tor Bokful, an expert on Russia and Ukraine and researcher at the Norwegian Defense Research Establishment (FFI), agrees with Neumann’s analysis.
– The Crimean platform seeks to reunite Crimea with Ukraine. Isn’t it a running race?
– Yes, the race has been done so far, but I see a point in what Ukraine is doing: they keep the issue alive, and if no one talks about it, at least the feeling will be that the race is finished. Bokful responds that Russia is aiming for this issue to be executed, and all of these initiatives are preventing it.
UD: – the values of Ukraine
When asked by Dagbladet if Norway would support Ukraine’s NATO membership, the Foreign Ministry said most of the time, but neither yes nor no.
Norway appreciates Ukraine’s significant contribution to Euro-Atlantic security. Ukraine is a close partner of NATO and has contributed to many NATO-led operations. Ukraine has access to expanded defense cooperation with NATO (EOP) and cooperation in reform (ANP), in addition to the comprehensive support program, Foreign Minister Audun Halvorsen (H) said in a statement to Dagbladet.
He notes that Norway and NATO are sticking to their decision taken at the 2008 summit, when NATO member states agreed to support a future Ukraine’s accession to NATO.
– This is a question which requires the unanimity of the coalition. Halvorsen says we encourage Kiev to continue its long-term reform work.
The foreign minister was Norway’s envoy to the summit in Ukraine last Monday.
Norway condemns the continued illegal occupation of Crimea by Russia. The militarization of the peninsula and the gross violations of human rights are of great concern. So it’s only natural for Norway to participate in the Crimean Platform, to help keep Crimea high on the international agenda, Halvorsen said.