Kiev Economy – Arena Kiev http://arena-kiev.com/ Mon, 10 Jan 2022 23:40:48 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.8 https://arena-kiev.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/05/default.png Kiev Economy – Arena Kiev http://arena-kiev.com/ 32 32 Number of Riga Airport Passengers Recovered in 2021 / Article https://arena-kiev.com/number-of-riga-airport-passengers-recovered-in-2021-article/ Mon, 10 Jan 2022 10:52:28 +0000 https://arena-kiev.com/number-of-riga-airport-passengers-recovered-in-2021-article/ This is an increase of 17% from 2020; compared to 2019, the number of passengers fell by 70%. London, Tallinn, Frankfurt, Kiev and Amsterdam were the most popular destinations from Riga in 2021. Last year, the national airline airBaltic carried the largest share or 57 percent of passengers at Riga Airport. A fifth or 21% […]]]>

This is an increase of 17% from 2020; compared to 2019, the number of passengers fell by 70%.

London, Tallinn, Frankfurt, Kiev and Amsterdam were the most popular destinations from Riga in 2021. Last year, the national airline airBaltic carried the largest share or 57 percent of passengers at Riga Airport. A fifth or 21% of passengers were flown to and from Riga by the Irish low cost airline Ryanair.

In 2021, 529,400 or 22% of passengers used Riga Airport to travel to other destinations. In turn, the share of non-scheduled or charter flights to Riga Airport in 2021 accounted for 7% of all passenger traffic. For comparison, in 2019, their share was 4%.

Last year, the total volume of air cargo handled at Riga Airport reached 27.9 thousand tons, one fifth more than in 2020. The 2019 result with 27.3 thousand tons of air cargo handled was also exceeded by 2%. Due to restrictions aimed at limiting the spread of the pandemic, the volume of cargo carried by passenger planes has halved, while the volume of cargo carried by cargo flights has increased by 70% compared to 2019.

Did you see an error?

Select the text and press Ctrl + Enter send a correction suggestion to the editor

Select the text and press Report an error send a correction suggestion to the editor

]]>
Britain hopes ‘high impact sanctions’ deter Russia https://arena-kiev.com/britain-hopes-high-impact-sanctions-deter-russia/ Sat, 08 Jan 2022 19:00:00 +0000 https://arena-kiev.com/britain-hopes-high-impact-sanctions-deter-russia/ The United Kingdom warned Kremlin officials said Thursday that they had worked out “high impact sanctions” with its partners that will be imposed in the event of a Russian invasion of Ukraine. Around 100,000 Russian troops are currently present at the country’s border with Ukraine. Ukraine, a former Soviet state, has moved sharply away from […]]]>

The United Kingdom warned Kremlin officials said Thursday that they had worked out “high impact sanctions” with its partners that will be imposed in the event of a Russian invasion of Ukraine.

Around 100,000 Russian troops are currently present at the country’s border with Ukraine. Ukraine, a former Soviet state, has moved sharply away from Moscow since the Euromaidan protests, the resignation of pro-Russian Ukrainian leader Viktor Yanukovych and Russia’s seizure and annexation of the Crimean peninsula in 2014 .

In response to these developments, Ukraine has cultivated a closer relationship with NATO and even announced its intention to join the alliance. Russia insisted that Ukraine’s NATO membership would pose a major threat to its own security, as the alliance would have the power to place missiles practically on its doorstep.

Therefore, Russian President Vladimir Putin has asked for a legally binding guarantee that NATO will not allow Ukraine to join the alliance. NATO officials have so far rejected Moscow’s bold request.

British Foreign Secretary Liz Truss has taken a hard line against Russia, saying the Kremlin “is leading [a campaign] to subvert its Democratic neighbors. “They have falsely presented Ukraine as a threat to justify their aggressive stance,” the senior British diplomat said, stressing NATO’s defensive nature.

Truss insisted that any further violation of Ukraine’s sovereignty by Russia, up to and including a Russian invasion, would result in “massive consequences” by the Western world, “including coordinated sanctions” which “Would impose a severe cost on the interests and economy of Russia.”

“The UK is working with our partners on these sanctions,” Truss said. While she did not say exactly what the sanctions would contain, she said they would target the country’s financial sector.

Russia has repeatedly expressed concern that NATO’s expansion to its borders poses a major security threat. Putin in particular argued that in the absence of any “buffer zone” between Russia and NATO, the Kremlin would have nowhere to retreat in the event of a potential military conflict.

Truss is expected to reiterate Britain’s stance in favor of Ukrainian sovereignty when he visits Kiev later this month. She also indicated that the British government was opposed to the opening of the “Nord Stream 2” gas pipeline, which would bring gas from Russia to Germany via a pipeline crossing the Baltic Sea. Truss suggested that the pipeline could lead to European dependence on Russian energy and endanger the independence of European Union foreign policy.

Trevor Filseth is a current affairs and foreign affairs writer for the National interest.

Image: Reuters.


Source link

]]>
Dramatic moment Royal Navy warship hits submerged Russian hunter-killer submarine – World News https://arena-kiev.com/dramatic-moment-royal-navy-warship-hits-submerged-russian-hunter-killer-submarine-world-news/ Fri, 07 Jan 2022 09:35:17 +0000 https://arena-kiev.com/dramatic-moment-royal-navy-warship-hits-submerged-russian-hunter-killer-submarine-world-news/ The dramatic moment a Royal Navy warship collided with a Russian submarine was filmed. The Moscow hunter-killer, capable of carrying nuclear-tipped torpedoes, moved in a sonar line in the North Atlantic towed by HMS Northumberland. At the time of impact – possibly the first of its kind since the Cold War – a crew member […]]]>

The dramatic moment a Royal Navy warship collided with a Russian submarine was filmed.

The Moscow hunter-killer, capable of carrying nuclear-tipped torpedoes, moved in a sonar line in the North Atlantic towed by HMS Northumberland.

At the time of impact – possibly the first of its kind since the Cold War – a crew member can be heard saying “What did I just hit?”

The footage was captured by a camera crew for Channel 5’s Warship: Life at Sea TV show.

Leading the way, Commander Thom Hobbs said: “We are very close to the submarine, we are probably parallel.

“If they were on the surface, we would definitely see faces.”








Commander Thom Hobbs described being “very close” to the submarine in the video
(

Picture:

Artlab Films)


Following the incident, the British crew were forced to abandon the mission and return to base for repairs.

This came as tensions between London and Moscow escalated, following the investigation into the Russian poison attack from Novichok to Salisbury.

The British Type 23 frigate had been dispatched to search for the Russian submarine about 200 miles north of Scotland.








A crew member can be heard saying “what did I just hit?”
(

Picture:

Artlab Films)


He took out his towed sonar – a cable covered with hydrophones – to listen to the sounds of the submarine.

But the crew aborted their mission and returned to port for repairs after the cable, as thick as a drainpipe, was “dragged over the hull of the submarine.”

“It was badly chewed and unusable,” said a source The sun.








Video footage captured the moment of the collision involving HMS Northumberland (pictured here in 2012)
(

Picture:

PENNSYLVANIA)


Former Commander Tom Sharpe said: “The question is whether it was deliberate or was it an accident.”

He wondered if it was a tight pass that had gone awry.

A Defense Ministry spokesperson said: “At the end of 2020, a Russian submarine followed by HMS Northumberland came into contact with its towed sonar. “








The Russian submarine had moved into a sonar line that the navy ship occupied (the file image shows a Russian nuclear submarine in 2004)
(

Picture:

AFP / Getty Images)


Both ships are believed to have been damaged in the collision.

It comes as Liz Truss warned that Russia had “no justification” for its aggression against Ukraine, ahead of a week “absolutely critical” for the peace and security of Europe.

The foreign minister, who plans to visit Kiev later this month, told lawmakers that Russian President Vladimir Putin had “peddled” the “false story” of a security threat in the region to which the Kremlin reacts.

She insisted that any Russian military incursion into Ukraine would be a “massive strategic error” and “would have a very high cost,” including the prospect of “coordinated sanctions” to harm the country’s interests and economy. .

Europe must also reduce its dependence on Russian gas, the foreign minister said.

Read more

Read more


Source link

]]>
EU seeks influence to defuse conflict in Ukraine | International https://arena-kiev.com/eu-seeks-influence-to-defuse-conflict-in-ukraine-international/ Wed, 05 Jan 2022 03:33:51 +0000 https://arena-kiev.com/eu-seeks-influence-to-defuse-conflict-in-ukraine-international/ The High Representative for the Foreign Policy of the European Union, Josep Borrell.Geert Vanden Wijngaert (AP) The European Union wants a more active and influential position in the Ukrainian conflict. He rejects that, as happened during the Cold War, solutions are cooked between Washington and Moscow and begins to make movements to avoid it, also […]]]>
The High Representative for the Foreign Policy of the European Union, Josep Borrell.Geert Vanden Wijngaert (AP)

The European Union wants a more active and influential position in the Ukrainian conflict. He rejects that, as happened during the Cold War, solutions are cooked between Washington and Moscow and begins to make movements to avoid it, also in the field of gestures, which are so important in foreign relations. On Tuesday evening, the EU High Representative for Foreign Policy landed in Kharkov, in eastern Ukraine, and will visit this Wednesday with Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleva the conflict zone, where the exchanges information is still frequent. shootout between pro-Russian separatists and the Ukrainian army. This is the first time that the head of European diplomacy has approached this front line and the stay in the country will last three days, long for the usual codes of this type of travel. “If we want to go to a conference on security in Europe, we must multiply the actors [no solo EE UU y Rusia] and topics to discuss [no solo los que interesan a Moscú]», Declared the high representative in conversation with this newspaper.

The visit comes just after the Christmas recess, which followed a European Council in which the heads of state and government of EU member countries launched a strong threat against Russia: there will be “huge” sanctions. If Ukraine invades, which will be He fears after learning that Putin has deployed 110,000 troops at the border. Before flying to Ukraine, the High Representative met with NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg to discuss “the concentration of Russian troops on the border with Ukraine and the two plans of treaties on security guarantees addressed by Russia to the United States. States and members of the Atlantic Alliance, ”according to a statement issued by the European External Action Service. The objective is to show that the European Union rejects the bilateral solution that Vladimir Poutine wishes.

But here the European Union comes up against the Kremlin, where they have no difficulty in recognizing that they are only proposing “bilateral negotiations with the United States”, as before the fall of the Berlin Wall and that the two great powers share their areas of influence with the rest as guests of stone. “If we invite other countries to the talks, we will drown all this in debates and discussions,” said Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov. So much so that community sources admit that Moscow has not even sent its proposals to Brussels.

In the capital of the community, the Biden administration is no exception. “Americans seem to understand that the security of Europe is something that concerns Europeans,” diplomatic sources say. And that’s how they put it publicly in the White House. This will begin to be visible on January 10, when representatives of the two powers – the United States and Russia – meet face to face in Geneva to discuss the state of their thorny relationship and how to iron out the differences. . Ukraine will be high on the agenda. These talks will be complemented with others in the Russia-NATO Council and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), a body that acts as a mediator in Ukraine.

Officially, the goal of Borrell’s trip is “to show solidarity with Ukraine at a difficult time,” they say in his cabinet. Even if, as happened last August to former German Chancellor Angela Merkel, the High Representative may have to hear reproaches from Kiev. “Europe and Germany are supporting us, but we need something concrete and we know how they could help us”, then declared President Volodimir Zelenski, referring to a request for the supply of arms. These complaints can be mitigated by the fact that the European Union recently approved € 31 million in funding for the Ukrainian armed forces and to prevent cyber attacks.

Join MRT to follow all the news and read without limits.

Subscribe

Precisely in this line of economic support for the former Soviet republics, the President of the European Commission, Ursula Von der Leyen announced on Tuesday a package of aid of 150 million for Moldova “This will stabilize the country’s economy, put it on the path to recovery and be accompanied by the necessary reforms. Moldova also has a breakaway region in Transnistria, which declared itself independent in 1990 and has a Russian military presence.

The contact line Borrell visits is the scene of war. There is still ongoing gunfire and occasional news of casualties in a conflict that has claimed more than 13,000 lives. Most of the crossings remain closed, even to OSCE monitors, who on December 30 alone recorded 11 ceasefire violations on New Year’s Eve.

“The European Union has been collectively absent so far in this crisis,” explains Paul Taylor, a researcher specializing in security and defense issues. thinking group Friends of Europe. For him, this trip and the firm warning against Russia issued by the December European Council are a first step in distorting Moscow’s will. “Brussels could do more,” he suggests, pointing to a clear strategy in the Black Sea area, “the most unstable area next to Europe”.

Although an important element to be able to resolve this question is also that the 27 share the same vision on the problem. Diplomatic sources point out that in the Baltic countries it was very difficult for Biden to agree to talk about Ukraine with Putin. The German position can also be decisive and it will be important to know the position of the new German chancellor, Olaf Scholz, who, according to the German press, plans to visit Moscow at the end of January to seek “a new start” in his relations with the German government. Kremlin. and approaches to gas supply and Ukraine.

The construction of the Nord Stream 2, which directly connects Russia to Germany bypassing the rest of Europe, is a diplomatic puzzle for Brussels in which Washington also played an important role in threatening those years with impose sanctions on European partners. Ukraine, Poland and others denounce that the Kremlin can blackmail them now that gas does not pass through their territory. For his part, Putin announced at the end of December that the pipes are ready to pump and thus lower Europe’s electricity bill. However, European certification of the structure is still lacking, which could see its supply cut by half if the Russian state monopoly Gazprom does not cede control of the pipeline to third parties. And in this economic conflict, the United States last summer gave up imposing sanctions on the Russian-German project if Berlin agrees to sanction Moscow if the pipeline is used as blackmail.

Another key issue is the Normandy Quartet, created in 2014 to end the war in Ukraine with the participation of that country, Russia, France and Germany. Its last peace deal, the Minsk Pact of February 2015, failed to resolve the conflict almost seven years later despite European mediation, and Kiev and Moscow accuse each other of boycotting it. For this reason, the possible incorporation of Washington into the format has been a recurring idea.

Ukraine prepares for next NATO meeting in Madrid

Ukraine is the protagonist of the great game being played in Eastern Europe and its government is in constant contact with NATO members. Yesterday Ukrainian Foreign Ministers Dmytro Kuleba and British Foreign Minister Liz Truss spoke by telephone to coordinate their positions “in view of the aggressive actions of the Russian Federation and the negotiations that will take place under different formats in the coming weeks across the Atlantic Alliance, the OSCE and the European Union. According to the Kiev press release, ministers discussed preparations for the next NATO meeting to be held in Madrid in June, despite the fact that one of the Kremlin’s starting points for negotiating is that its neighbor has failed. no relation to the alliance. Likewise, London underlined the principle of “no decision on Ukraine without Ukraine” and pledged its firm support for Kiev in the face of Russian aggression “at the diplomatic, economic and security level”, as envisaged. in the containment plan against the Kremlin proposed by Ukraine. in November.

The day before, US Secretary of State Antony Blinken and Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlüt Çavusoglu had also maintained “a good call” to the Slavic country, according to the American on Twitter, where he stressed his “close coordination with Turkey”. on the threat of Russian escalation in Ukraine ”. Ankara is precisely one of the minor players in this recent crisis. The drones he sold in Kiev, the same drones that Azerbaijan beat Armenia with in the summer of 2020 in their Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, have been a source of concern in Russia. And Ankara is also one of the main promoters of the Crimean Platform, an initiative launched last August by Ukraine to try to reclaim the Black Sea peninsula in the near future.

Follow all the international information on Facebook Yes Twitter, o fr our weekly newsletter.

Disclaimer: This article is generated from the feed and not edited by our team.



Source link

]]>
Biden: US and allies will give decisive response if Russia continues to invade Ukraine https://arena-kiev.com/biden-us-and-allies-will-give-decisive-response-if-russia-continues-to-invade-ukraine/ Mon, 03 Jan 2022 04:11:16 +0000 https://arena-kiev.com/biden-us-and-allies-will-give-decisive-response-if-russia-continues-to-invade-ukraine/ Joe Biden. Vladimir Zelensky (archive photo) & nbsp; Biden: US and allies will give decisive response if Russia continues invasion of Ukraine The conversation between Joe Biden and Volodymyr Zelensky was devoted to the discussion of ways to defuse the tensions caused by the concentration of Russian troops near the Ukrainian borders. US President Joe […]]]>

Joe Biden. Vladimir Zelensky (archive photo) & nbsp; Biden: US and allies will give decisive response if Russia continues invasion of Ukraine

The conversation between Joe Biden and Volodymyr Zelensky was devoted to the discussion of ways to defuse the tensions caused by the concentration of Russian troops near the Ukrainian borders.

US President Joe Biden told Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskiy on Sunday that the United States and its allies would give a “decisive response” if Russia continued to invade Ukraine.

This is stated in a White House statement issued by Press Secretary Jen Psaki.

“President Biden has made it clear that the United States and its allies and partners will give a firm response if Russia continues to invade Ukraine,” Psaki said in a statement following a telephone conversation between the two. presidents.

Volodymyr Zelenskyy expressed his gratitude to the US President for his unwavering support.

The Ukrainian president tweeted that during the conversation, joint actions aimed at keeping peace in Europe and preventing further escalation of the conflict had been discussed.

He also noted that the conversation confirmed the special nature of US-Ukrainian relations.

The fact that the telephone conversation between Joe Biden and Volodymyr Zelensky was scheduled for Sunday evening Kyiv time was reported earlier on Sunday by Radio Liberty, citing press spokesman Sergei Nikiforov, the press secretary to the President of Ukraine .

As previously stated, the purpose of the conversation was to discuss ways to ease the tension caused by the concentration of Russian troops near Ukraine’s eastern borders.

On Friday, a White House spokesperson announced the next conversation between the two presidents. It happened a day after Biden had telephone conversations with Russian leader Vladimir Putin.

Biden has failed to make significant progress in persuading Putin to withdraw some 100,000 troops stationed along the Ukrainian border, although US officials do not believe Putin made the decision to invade a neighboring country.

In a 50-minute phone call Thursday between the American and Russian leaders, Biden again warned Putin that the United States and its Western allies would impose significant economic sanctions on Moscow if Putin invaded Ukraine, although Biden had ruled out a military response.

On December 31, during New Years events in Wilmington, Delaware, Biden told reporters that further aggressive actions by Russia against Ukraine would result in severe sanctions that would deal a severe blow to the Russian economy.

“We have made it clear to President Putin that if he takes further action, invades Ukraine, then we will apply severe sanctions. We will increase our presence in Europe with our NATO allies, and this will be (for Russia) a high price that it will have to pay ”, underlined the head of the White House.

The Kremlin, in turn, said that during the conversation, Putin told Biden that tough new sanctions could lead to a complete breakdown in relations between Washington and Moscow.

Biden also said that in telephone conversations with the Russian leader on December 30, it was again agreed to hold US-Russian talks in Geneva on January 9 and 10, as well as a NATO-Russia Council meeting on January 12. January in Brussels and the OSCE. talks on January 13.

On the last day of the outgoing year, US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken spoke by telephone with NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg, Italian Foreign Minister Luigi Di Maio and Canadian Foreign Minister Melanie Joly. It was about the readiness of the Allies to give a firm response to a possible new Russian invasion of Ukraine.

“The North Atlantic Alliance is ready for a constructive dialogue with Russia, while strengthening its unity to deter further (Russian) aggressions against Ukraine,” the US Foreign Office said in a statement.

The United States is supplying Kiev with small arms and ammunition, as well as Javelin missiles, which it claims should be used exclusively for defense purposes.

“President Biden [in a conversation with Putin] reiterated that meaningful progress in these dialogues can only happen through de-escalation, not escalation, ”White House spokeswoman Jen Psaki said.

In the next talks, Russia will demand that NATO, the military alliance formed after World War II, reject Ukraine’s membership and reduce its presence in central and eastern Europe. The White House declined to comment on details of the closed-door talks.

Recall that after a December 30 telephone conversation between Joe Biden and Vladimir Putin, a group of 24 former American national security officers and experts on Russia (which includes former officials of the Obama administration, Bush and Clinton) have issued a statement calling on the White House chief to immediately and publicly draw up a list of severe sanctions Russia will face if the Kremlin launches further aggression against Ukraine.

As reported by The Associated Press, the declaration was signed by several former US ambassadors, including former ambassadors to Russia: Michael McFaul and Alexander Vershbow and former ambassadors to Ukraine: Stephen Pifer and John Herbst.



Source link

]]>
Biden threatens Putin with “tough sanctions” against Ukraine – Al-Manar TV Lebanon https://arena-kiev.com/biden-threatens-putin-with-tough-sanctions-against-ukraine-al-manar-tv-lebanon/ Sat, 01 Jan 2022 07:46:25 +0000 https://arena-kiev.com/biden-threatens-putin-with-tough-sanctions-against-ukraine-al-manar-tv-lebanon/ US President Joe Biden has threatened Russian President Vladimir Putin with “severe sanctions” if Russia launches military action in neighboring Ukraine, despite Moscow rejecting claims by Washington of preparing to invade the neighboring country. Biden told reporters on Friday in Wilmington, Delaware, that he threatened the Russian leader during their phone call on Thursday. “I […]]]>

US President Joe Biden has threatened Russian President Vladimir Putin with “severe sanctions” if Russia launches military action in neighboring Ukraine, despite Moscow rejecting claims by Washington of preparing to invade the neighboring country.

Biden told reporters on Friday in Wilmington, Delaware, that he threatened the Russian leader during their phone call on Thursday.

“I made it clear to President Putin that if he takes any other action, if he goes to Ukraine, we will have severe sanctions. We will increase our presence in Europe with our NATO allies. There will be a heavy price to pay for this, ”Biden said.

Reporters asked Biden how the Russian president responded, he said the United States and Russia would continue to seek ways to resolve the conflict over Ukraine.

“What I got the impression was that he agreed that we will have three big conferences in Europe starting in the middle of the month with our senior managers… he didn’t disagree with any of this. He laid out some of his concerns about NATO and the United States in Europe, and we laid out ours and said we can start negotiating some of these issues, ”Biden said.

According to Moscow, Putin warned Biden that any new sanctions against Moscow could completely upset Russian-American relations.

Putin issued the warning after Biden reiterated US claims that Russia could “invade” Ukraine, saying Washington would impose “devastating” sanctions on Moscow in the event of such an incursion, Reuters reported, citing Kremlin assistant Yuri Ushakov.

“Our president immediately responded [to the sanctions threat] that if the West decides in these or other circumstances to impose these unprecedented sanctions, which have been mentioned, it could lead to a complete severing of ties between our countries, ”said Ushakov.

Such a coercive economic embargo would also have the effect of “causing the most serious damage to relations between Russia and the West,” he noted.

The United States and its Western allies have cited a Russian military build-up along the Ukrainian border for their demands against Russia. Moscow denies that it intends to “invade” Ukraine, in addition to stressing that it can move its troops within its own borders as it sees fit.

Last month, Biden also said he made it clear to Putin that Russia would pay “a terrible price” and face devastating economic consequences if it invaded Ukraine.

“I made it clear to President Putin (…) that if he went to Ukraine, the economic consequences for his economy would be devastating, devastating,” he said.

Biden said he made it clear to the Russian president that Moscow’s position in the world would change “markedly” if Ukraine invaded.

NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg also warned Russia against an escalation of the conflict in Ukraine.

“There will be a high price to pay for Russia if it again resorts to force against the nation’s independence,” he said, according to Reuters.

In response, Putin warned that Moscow would act if the US-led NATO military alliance crossed its red lines in Ukraine.

Putin said the expansion of NATO’s military infrastructure in Ukraine was a red line he hoped not to cross.

The Russian leader further said that Moscow would consider the deployment of certain offensive missile capabilities on Ukrainian soil as a trigger.

Washington and its allies have been rehashing what they claim to be Moscow’s ill-intentioned plans for Ukraine since 2014, when a wave of protests toppled Ukraine’s democratically elected pro-Moscow government and replaced it with a leaning administration. western.

A crisis followed after the majority of the inhabitants of the Ukrainian regions of Donetsk and Lugansk refused to accept the new changes and took up arms against Ukrainian troops.

Kiev and Western countries accuse Moscow of having participated in the crisis. Moscow denies the allegations.

Source: Agencies


Source link

]]>
Joe Biden and Vladimir Putin show their red lines ahead of January negotiations | International https://arena-kiev.com/joe-biden-and-vladimir-putin-show-their-red-lines-ahead-of-january-negotiations-international/ Thu, 30 Dec 2021 22:24:53 +0000 https://arena-kiev.com/joe-biden-and-vladimir-putin-show-their-red-lines-ahead-of-january-negotiations-international/ For the second time in three weeks, the Presidents of the United States, Joe Biden, and of Russia, Vladimir Putin, on Thursday spoke by telephone of the tension around the Ukrainian border, in front of which the Kremlin concentrated thousands of troops in over the past two months. The contact, at Putin’s request, anticipates the […]]]>

For the second time in three weeks, the Presidents of the United States, Joe Biden, and of Russia, Vladimir Putin, on Thursday spoke by telephone of the tension around the Ukrainian border, in front of which the Kremlin concentrated thousands of troops in over the past two months. The contact, at Putin’s request, anticipates the bilateral meeting that the United States and Russia will hold on January 10 in Geneva, in which neither of the presidents will participate. Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov and US Under Secretary of State Wendy Sherman will negotiate on his behalf.

Moscow is insisting on bringing a series of demands to the meetings, including legal guarantees that NATO will not carry out military reinforcements at Russia’s European borders, especially those of Ukraine. Russian President’s spokesman Dmitry Peskov said ahead of the call, which lasted 50 minutes, that it would be “a continuation of the discussion that started with the virtual meeting” three weeks ago. , and that they would address the issues there. planned for the January agenda. “The talks have only one goal: to reach a compromise taking into account the position of the other,” Peskov said, stressing that Moscow believes that “only negotiations can solve the many pressing problems.” “We’re ready for a conversation, we want this conversation,” he said.

Washington sees Russia’s movements on its border with Ukraine as an attempt to redraw the map of Europe’s eastern flank. Although the White House defends diplomatic channels as a first option, it has also warned that it has prepared a battery of sanctions against the Russian economy and financial system if the Kremlin breaks with it. the status quo. These went “well beyond those of 2014”, when Moscow annexed the Ukrainian peninsula from Crimea and sponsored the eastern Ukrainian rebellion against Kiev. “We are prepared for diplomacy and to move forward on this path, but also to respond if Russia goes any further with a possible invasion of Ukraine,” a senior official in the Biden administration warned on Wednesday. call with journalists.

Washington does not see the slightest sign of de-escalation on the ground. “We continue to see a significant presence of Russian troops around the Ukrainian border. And President Biden has indicated to President Putin that for there to be real progress, and for us to achieve a scenario of security and stability in Europe, a context of de-escalation will be necessary, ”the official explained.

The Kiev government has eased the tension by saying it sees no clear threat of aggression from Russia. “Yes, there is an increase in the forces of the army. But we do not see any significant concentration at our borders, as some foreign media have reported, ”Ukraine Security and Defense Council Secretary Oleksiy Danílov said yesterday, according to Interfax news agency. .

Multilateral umbrella

Join MRT to follow all the news and read without limits.

Subscribe

Washington maintains its commitment to agreements on the crisis in eastern Ukraine, the senior White House official stressed. But still under a multilateral diplomatic umbrella that Russia seems reluctant to assume. “Russia has presented a proposal for a comprehensive agreement between Russia and NATO. This obviously needs to be discussed in the context of NATO. And the issues related to Ukraine are part of the OSCE context, ”said the White House source.

Three weeks of frantic multi-party negotiations have made it clear that the United States does not want to act alone on this thorny issue. Secretary of State Antony Blinken contacted Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenski and his British, French and German counterparts on Wednesday. The Kremlin, on the contrary, is more inclined to deal directly with the White House, while urging the United States to revert to international agreements that President Donald Trump has abandoned.

Russia has already set out its demands for what it sees as “security guarantees”. These proposals were released by the Foreign Office on December 17, and Washington’s silence in the following days made the Kremlin impatient. Four days later, Putin held a meeting with the leadership of the army in which he threatened to take “technical-military retaliatory measures” if NATO protected Ukraine, among other countries. Moscow considers it under its orbit. “We need binding long-term guarantees (…). We know that, even with legal guarantees, we cannot believe the United States because they easily withdraw from international agreements, ”warned Putin, Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Federation, his high command.

The Russian Foreign Ministry has published a draft containing its proposals “to prevent dangerous military activities and reduce the likelihood of incidents between its armed forces”. According to the Russian proposal, the Atlantic Alliance “assumes the obligation to prevent NATO expansion to other states, including the accession of Ukraine”, and refuses to conduct military exercises in this region, the Caucasus and Central Asia. In addition, Moscow demands that the Alliance “undertake not to deploy its armed forces and weapons on the territory of all other European countries” and, in the event of a security threat, that the deployments be carried out only ” with the consent of all participants ”. . In other words, in a war like the one in Donbass, Russia should give the green light to send weapons from the United States to Kiev.

Moscow asks Washington to reverse Iran deal

Hours before the phone call, the spokeswoman for the Russian Foreign Ministry reiterated two of the key ideas for Moscow: that NATO should not admit more Eastern countries and that the United States return to the international agreements. The Kremlin demands that Washington “tangibly” demonstrate its intention to revert to the 2015 Iranian nuclear pact, which it abandoned in 2018 under the Trump presidency.

“It’s not about making a new deal. It will take a methodical effort, literally piece by piece, to mend the balance lost by the actions of the United States, “said the spokesperson, who threw another dart, adding that” of course, the status of violator of a UN Security Council resolution makes Americans uncomfortable. The White House noted that the nuclear pact with Iran would be on the table in yesterday’s call, although it highlighted the “really constructive talks” taking place in Vienna.

Between Moscow and Washington and, by extension, NATO, there are more outstanding disputes than that of eastern Ukraine. The installation of Iskander missiles in the Russian enclave of Kaliningrad in 2018 and Washington’s withdrawal from the Medium and Short-Range Missile Treaty in 2019 are seen as a threat by their counterparts.

“The frequency of contacts between the actors clearly shows their interest in finding a result worthy of the name,” explains Aleksandr Borisov, professor at the International Institute for Foreign Relations in Moscow. For the Think tanks the more pro-Kremlin, the responsibility for the current situation falls more heavily on the West. “The Americans and their NATO allies have gone too far in portraying Russia as an antagonist, and Russia, as Putin said, has nowhere to retreat,” Borisov added in an exchange of views. ’emails before quoting a line from German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck on the Slavic country: “There are 100 ways to get a Russian bear out of a den, but not one way to get it in.

Follow all the international information on Facebook Yes Twitter, o fr our weekly newsletter.

Disclaimer: This article is generated from the feed and not edited by our team.



Source link

]]>
Both wings of the US war party prioritize eternal wars: analyst https://arena-kiev.com/both-wings-of-the-us-war-party-prioritize-eternal-wars-analyst/ Sun, 26 Dec 2021 15:13:00 +0000 https://arena-kiev.com/both-wings-of-the-us-war-party-prioritize-eternal-wars-analyst/ An American writer and political commentator says that the two right wings of the American war party forever prioritize wars by hot and / or other means against invented enemies. Stephen Lendman made the remarks in an article published on Sunday as he commented on the endless warmongering of the United States against Russia, accusing […]]]>

An American writer and political commentator says that the two right wings of the American war party forever prioritize wars by hot and / or other means against invented enemies.

Stephen Lendman made the remarks in an article published on Sunday as he commented on the endless warmongering of the United States against Russia, accusing it of planning to invade neighboring Ukraine.

The United States, its NATO allies and Ukraine have accused Moscow in recent weeks of increasing the number of troops near the Ukrainian border in preparation for a possible invasion. Russia rejected the claim, but warned against provocation from Ukraine.

Russia has repeatedly said it is free to move troops within its own borders, but said its military build-up is not provocative. Russia has said it is taking defensive steps against Ukraine’s closer alliance with the West and its aspirations to join NATO.

White House national security adviser Jake Sullivan said on Friday that US intelligence agencies concluded that Russian President Vladimir Putin still had not made up his mind to invade Ukraine, but was considering ” seriously “to do so.

Last week, US President Joe Biden warned Putin against military action by Moscow against Kiev, saying the Kremlin would pay “a terrible price” and suffer massive consequences if it attacked its neighbor to the south.

“I made it clear to President Putin (…) that if he attacks Ukraine, the economic consequences for its economy will be devastating, devastating,” he said.

“On the world stage, Russia and the hegemony of the United States are worlds apart”, Lendman wrote. “The Russian Federation gives priority to peace, stability, cooperative relations with other countries and respect for the principles of the rule of law.

“The two right wings of the American War Party prioritize standing wars by hot and / or other means against invented enemies year round, including during the holiday season at home and abroad,” said he added.

“Sharing a nearly 1,500-mile land and sea border with Russia – the longest western border with the country – Nazi-infested Ukraine is used by mainstream American diehards like a dagger pointed at its heart,” he observed.

“Orchestrated, financed and directed by the Pentagon and the CIA, Ukraine has been waging a cross-border war against the People’s Republics of Donbass, Donetsk and Lugansk since April 2014,” noted the analyst.

Lendman warned that “the risk of a greater war in the heart of Europe is significant at a time when Washington and its NATO vassal states continue to dump heavy weapons on Ukraine for offensive purposes and not defensive “.

The US and UK have threatened Russia with “massive consequences” if it launches military action in neighboring Ukraine, despite Moscow rejecting Washington’s claims of preparing to invade the country.

A senior US State Department official said last week that the Group of Seven Richest Countries and its allies would impose tough measures if Russia abandoned diplomacy in its dealings with Ukraine.

The British Foreign Secretary also warned that Russia would face “serious consequences” if it invaded Ukraine.

NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg also warned Russia against an escalation of the conflict in Ukraine.


Source link

]]>
If it had turned out differently, Putin might still be driving a cab https://arena-kiev.com/if-it-had-turned-out-differently-putin-might-still-be-driving-a-cab/ Sat, 25 Dec 2021 19:04:32 +0000 https://arena-kiev.com/if-it-had-turned-out-differently-putin-might-still-be-driving-a-cab/ Recently declassified documents reveal how Mikhail Gorbachev fought throughout the 1990s and 1991 to preserve the Union from the independent rulers of the Soviet republics, primarily Boris Yeltsin of Russia, but also Leonid Kravchuk of Ukraine. Thirty years ago, a new national flag was hoisted above the Moscow Kremlin when, on December 25, 1991, Mikhail […]]]>

Recently declassified documents reveal how Mikhail Gorbachev fought throughout the 1990s and 1991 to preserve the Union from the independent rulers of the Soviet republics, primarily Boris Yeltsin of Russia, but also Leonid Kravchuk of Ukraine.

Thirty years ago, a new national flag was hoisted above the Moscow Kremlin when, on December 25, 1991, Mikhail Gorbachev, head of the Soviet Union for almost seven years, left office. We saw him announce his resignation in a 10-minute speech broadcast live on our unreliable Russian-made little black-and-white TVs as the USSR made history. The Soviet flag, bearing the hammer and sickle on a red background, was lowered over the Kremlin and in its place we witnessed the hoisting of the tricolor of the Russian Federation. The iconic symbol of a failed socio-economic experiment called Soviet Communism was gone. It was the end of an era.
In the previous weeks, from my office in the British Embassy directly across the Moskva River, I had watched the hammer and sickle hover above the Kremlin, waiting for the inevitable. It was not a question of “if”, but of “when”. The year 1991 had been an extraordinarily important year in Russian history, much like 1947 had been for India. In August, there had been a hard-line Communist coup in a failed attempt to overthrow Gorbachev and halt his failing reforms. A month later, the secession of the three Baltic states from the Soviet Union was recognized. Then, in early December, the presidents of three more, Russia, Ukraine and Belarus, recognized each other’s independence, creating the Commonwealth of Independent States, which replaced the Soviet Union. The old order was rapidly disintegrating and the dissolution of the Union set up by the Bolsheviks 69 years earlier was now inevitable. As Gorbachev told the nation during his televised address: “We now live in a new world.
The few blessed historians with hindsight claim that the collapse of the Soviet Union was inevitable. It was not. Those of us who had studied Vladimir Lenin’s idea for many years thought at the time that Gorbachev would get away with it. In political circles, there was no discussion of a collapse of the Soviet Union, and everyone assumed it would continue in some form or another for at least a generation.
There were certainly huge long-term structural problems bequeathed to Gorbachev from his incompetent predecessors. Problems such as a failing planned economy, a vanished Communist ideology and anti-Russian nationalism in the border regions. There was also pressure on the Kremlin from falling oil prices, military implications stemming from US President Reagan’s “star wars”, and the painful defeat and withdrawal from Afghanistan. The downstream effects of the Chernobyl disaster and even Gorbachev’s deeply unpopular anti-alcohol campaign played their part. But no one anticipated the collapse that occurred in just a few months.
Although all external factors were important, it was an implosion of the center that killed the Soviet Union. When Gorbachev became leader in 1985, he implemented two policies to deal with the dying economy and crumbling political system: glasnost (openness or transparency) and perestroika (economic restructuring). His idea was to create transparency in governance, for example by reducing state censorship to allow the disclosure of painful truths in society, and economic reforms designed to move the Soviet Union away from a model of command. central to a hybrid communism-capitalism model.
For anyone familiar with a vibrant private sector market economy, a short stroll through the lackluster, under-stocked state stores was enough to illustrate that the command system was gravely failing. In contrast, foreigners with dollars could shop at state-run Beriozka stores, where you could purchase luxury goods that were not available in traditional Soviet markets and stores. In Beriozkas, you could also rub shoulders with Communist Party apparatchiks who mysteriously had access to US dollars. But then perestroika appeared, and suddenly citizens were allowed to open private businesses, and foreigners were able to enter the country to participate in joint ventures. We could now do our shopping in the little kiosks that were starting to crowd the streets, run by private individuals who soon realized that they could sell products for more than they paid so making a profit, a new idea for anyone. grew up under communism. They tasted of capitalism.
So what went wrong?
Most historians now agree that the main drivers of the Soviet Union’s rapid demise were Gorbachev’s ill-conceived economic reforms that ruined the ruble and its rapid political liberalization. The growing pains of perestroika led to a new wave of shortages and economic hardship, and the newly empowered regional leaders used their freshly opened political process to demand Kremlin autonomy.
Changes were brewing across Eastern Europe as well. Shortly after Gorbachev announced to the United Nations that he would loosen military control over neighboring Warsaw Pact countries, those nations immediately pressed for more autonomy. Communist regimes were overthrown in Czechoslovakia, Poland, Hungary, Romania and Bulgaria. At a meeting scheduled for Berlin on November 9, 1991, my West German interlocutors were stunned to learn that the Berlin Wall had been opened at Checkpoint Charlie and that East Germans were flocking to the west. Needless to say, the meeting was immediately closed as we all rushed to witness this upsetting event. German reunification had started. It all happened so fast. As people began to taste freedom, by the time Gorbachev tried to reverse his reforms, it was too late. Vast social forces were unleashed, forces that he could not stop.
But it could have been so different.
Recently declassified documents reveal how Mikhail Gorbachev fought throughout the 1990s and 1991 to preserve the Union from the independent rulers of the Soviet republics, primarily Boris Yeltsin of Russia, but also Leonid Kravchuk of Ukraine. These primary sources also reveal that the maintenance of the Union and the personal support of Gorbachev remained central to United States policy throughout 1991. The White House believed that the maintenance of the Soviet Union, even with a weak center, was the best alternative to violent disintegration. US officials were very concerned that Soviet tactical nuclear weapons were widespread in 14 of the 15 republics, with more than 3,000 strategic nuclear weapons stationed outside of Russia in Ukraine, Kazakhstan and Belarus.
In Moscow, Gorbachev remained convinced that the Soviet Union could be integrated into Europe and that foreign aid was the best way to keep a new Union project on track. For two years, Gorbachev had tried to draw up a new Union treaty for a more decentralized system, giving the various Soviet republics more autonomy. And he almost succeeded. The crazy failed coup attempt by the Communist extremists in August 1991 achieved exactly the opposite. Instead of reviving their beloved Soviet Union, they actually destroyed it, with the compromise that Gorbachev was trying to create. Their failure allowed Russian nationalism to surge in, reinvigorated by the image of Boris Yeltsin climbing on a tank parked right outside the Russian White House.
A new state structure was created, the Council of State, made up of leaders of the republics whose first task was to design a new Treaty of Union and oversee the transition process. It held its first meeting on October 11, 1991, and for a moment, in mid-October, it seemed that Gorbachev’s project was on the right track. Gorbachev worked on a one-country basis with unified armed forces, a president elected by universal suffrage, a unified electricity grid, a transport network, communications and a single economic space. At the State Council meeting on October 15, Boris Yeltsin supported the document, but at the next dramatic meeting on November 4, he abruptly changed his mind and refused to sign, clearly hearing Russia to go it alone.
At the same time, nationalist forces were developing strongly in Ukraine. Although President George HW Bush delivered his famous “Chicken in Kiev” speech in the nation’s capital earlier on August 1, warning of “suicidal nationalism” and encouraging the people to support Gorbachev’s plan, they did voted decisively in the referendum on December 1 to withdraw from the Union. Seven days later, unbeknownst to Gorbachev, the leaders of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus signed the Belovezhie accord to dissolve the Soviet Union.
Just before giving his historic televised speech, Gorbachev called Bush, who was at Camp David for his family Christmas with his grandchildren, to express his gratitude for all they had done together. Gorbachev said a simple “goodbye” and virtually shook hands with Bush. These were the last words of the conversations that ended the Cold War and transformed the world.
A catchy postscript appeared last week. Vladimir Putin, who declared in 2005 that the demise of the Soviet Union was the “greatest geopolitical catastrophe of the century”, revealed in a documentary that he was driving a taxi at the time “to make ends meet”. A former KGB agent who rose to the top after the failure of the Yeltsin years, Putin used history to illustrate his own personal struggles in the early 1990s. “Honestly, it’s not very pleasant to talk about it,” he admitted.
The “what if historians” will now contemplate the malicious scenario according to which if the events of 1991 had played out differently and Mikhail Gorbachev had succeeded in keeping the Union united, or if the putschists had been victorious, or if the charismatic but doomed Boris Yeltsin had not jumped on this tank, visitors to St. Petersburg today might find their taxi driver to be a tiny 69-year-old man, 5 feet 7 inches, with a receding hairline. , responding to the name of Vladimir.

John Dobson is a former British diplomat, who also worked in the office of British Prime Minister John Major between 1995 and 1998. He is currently a visiting scholar at the University of Plymouth.


Source link

]]>
Russia causes “serious deterioration” of European security – EU | European Union https://arena-kiev.com/russia-causes-serious-deterioration-of-european-security-eu-european-union/ Thu, 23 Dec 2021 16:23:00 +0000 https://arena-kiev.com/russia-causes-serious-deterioration-of-european-security-eu-european-union/ The EU’s top diplomat accused Russia of creating “a serious deterioration of the security situation in Europe” while calling for dialogue to avoid conflict in Ukraine. Josep Borrell, the EU’s high representative for foreign policy, was responding to Vladimir Putin’s proposals for security guarantees for Russia that would effectively rewrite the post-Cold War order. Russia […]]]>

The EU’s top diplomat accused Russia of creating “a serious deterioration of the security situation in Europe” while calling for dialogue to avoid conflict in Ukraine.

Josep Borrell, the EU’s high representative for foreign policy, was responding to Vladimir Putin’s proposals for security guarantees for Russia that would effectively rewrite the post-Cold War order.

Russia last week presented a list of highly controversial security demands, including a ban on Ukraine entering NATO and a limit on deployments of troops and weapons on the eastern flank of the United States. alliance – effectively bringing NATO forces back to where they were in 1997, before an eastward expansion.

The Kremlin’s proposals have been handed over to the US and NATO, but the EU is part of the West’s coordinated response to Russia’s military build-up on the border with Ukraine.

On Wednesday, Borrell met with US Secretary of State Antony Blinken, where they “took note” of Russia’s proposals, according to an EU calling account. “They stressed that any further military aggression against Ukraine would have massive consequences and high costs,” the EU statement said.

A spokesperson for the US State Department used similar language to describe the exchange: “They stressed the need for coordinated action to support the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine and reaffirmed that any further Russian military aggression against Ukraine would have massive consequences for the Federation. from Russia.

Russia has massed around 100,000 troops on his side of the border with Ukraine, while Putin has stepped up his rhetoric, raising fears that he is looking for a pretext for an invasion. Earlier this month, the Russian president said the war in eastern Ukraine – where Ukrainian government troops have been fighting Russian-backed rebels since 2014 – looked like genocide.

EU leaders refrained from detailing specific sanctions against Russia, but last week agreed that “any further military aggression against Ukraine will have massive consequences and a high cost in response.”

NATO called on Russia to withdraw its forces and said its relationship with Ukraine was a matter between Kiev and the 30 members of the transatlantic security alliance.

In his statement on Putin’s security proposals, Borrell said Europe’s security was under threat.

Listing the Kremlin’s recent foreign policy adventures, from Russia’s annexation of Crimea to its role in eastern Ukraine, to actions in the Georgian breakaway regions of South Ossetia and Abkhazia, as well as in Transnistria and support for Belarusian dictator Alexander Lukashenko, Borrell said. Russia’s actions had “resulted in a serious deterioration of the security situation in Europe.”

“The EU believes that dialogue, negotiation and cooperation are the only means to overcome differences and to establish peace,” said Borrell, citing the need to respect international commitments, in particular through the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe.

The OSCE on Wednesday announced an agreement between Russia and Ukraine to restore a ceasefire.

“I was delighted that the participants expressed their firm determination to fully adhere to the measures aimed at strengthening the ceasefire agreement of 22 July 2020,” said Mikko Kinnunen, OSCE Special Envoy to Ukraine . “This is of the utmost importance to people living on both sides of the contact line. “

The OSCE has an observer mission in Donbass and reported five times as many daily ceasefire violations this month compared to December 2020. Ceasefire violations include explosions and gunfire. gunfire, which observers recorded despite movement restrictions and GPS jamming. signals on OSCE drones.

The deal was reached at a meeting of Ukrainian, Russian and OSCE officials – known as the Trilateral Contact Group – and representatives of the Kremlin-backed self-proclaimed People’s Republics of Donetsk and Luhansk.

Numerous ceasefires have been concluded and failed since the conflict began in 2014. More than 14,000 people have been killed, while the region’s economy has been devastated.


Source link

]]>